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Legends of organ theft: The moral dilemma of contemporary society

dc.creatorAntonijević, Dragana
dc.description.abstractLegende i glasine o krađi organa postale su poznate od početka 80-tih godina XX veka, sa prvim zastrašujućim izveštajima koji su stigli iz zemalja "Trećeg sveta". Žrtve su bili nemoćni i siromašni, uglavnom deca. Početkom 90-tih slične legende su se pojavile i u visoko razvijenim industrijskim zemljama Evrope i SAD. Za razliku od glasina, ovo su bili razvijeni strukturirani narativi sa specifičnim sadržajem - legende o krađi bubrega čije žrtve ostaju u životu. Internet komunikacija i mediji doprineli su globalnom širenju i popularnosti ovih priča. Legende su se pojavile i u Srbiji tokom leta 2007. godine. U ovom radu biće analizirani tipovi ovih legendi, predložena šema njihove transformacije i značenje kroz formalno-semantičku interpretaciju. .sr
dc.description.abstractLegends and rumors of organ theft became a global phenomenon in the beginning of the 80s, with the information originating from the "Third world" countries. Victims where poor and powerless, typically children. The rumor engaged a series of actions from anthropologists, NGO’s and media trying to ascertain their validity. Before long, the world was divided into two camps: on the one hand where those who believed the rumors, condemning the West for its exploitation of the underdeveloped and the poor that lead to organ theft from healthy individuals, to satisfy the needs of the rich white patients; and the other faction that, through the data, tried to negate these assertions as unfounded and illogical. At the beginning of the 90s, similar reports surfaced in the highly developed societies of Europe and the USA. Unlike the rumors, these where developed, structured narratives with specific content - legends of kidney theft, whose victims were left alive. Internet has brought about the expansion of such stories. None the less, they remained the under-analyzed, not attracting the attention of the politically minded and militant anthropologists who, in the Third world rumors, recognized material for their anti-colonial and mediatory theories. Few have tried to explain the legend and folklore origins of the First world narratives and to ascertain their function without insightful analysis. That is why I engaged in a semantic analysis of the legend in the context of the highly developed societies, with the intent of exposing their message of a deep moral dilemma concerning organ donation. I found that their hidden meaning is "revolutionary", not an inversion that I thought previously, but in accordance with the public discourse that encourages voluntary and legal donations, from cadaver as from living donors, which is real disadaptive problem for those societies. I proposed such a meaning by analyzing the most unusual and astonishing element in the story. On the other side, the legend rumors of Third and Second World, in my view, sent an opposite message, showing the reverse side of the transplantation issue, medical progress and a deeper, existential dilemma of life and death, sickness and health, exposing the doubts intertwined with organ transplantation. Interestingly the legends of organ theft that appeared in Serbia during 2007 had more in common with the legends of the Third world, than with the narratives of the developed societies. In the essay, the interposition of the legends from Serbia, that were instigated by the transitional nature of its socioeconomic reality, are elaborated. That has inspired me to put forward a scheme of narrative, geographical and social transformation of the organ theft legends, thus showing their development intertwined with motifs and spatial markers disperses a system of performances around the world. .en
dc.publisherUniverzitet u Beogradu - Filozofski fakultet - Odeljenje za etnologiju i antropologiju, Beograd
dc.sourceEtnoantropološki problemi
dc.subjectproblem transplantacije i donacije organasr
dc.subjectlegende o krađi organasr
dc.subjectkognitivna i moralna dilemasr
dc.subjectkadaverska donacijasr
dc.subjecturban legenden
dc.subjectsemantic analysisen
dc.subjectorgan donationen
dc.subjectmoral dilemmaen
dc.subjectlegend transformation schemeen
dc.subjectkidney theften
dc.titleLegende o krađi organa - moralna dilema savremenog društvasr
dc.titleLegends of organ theft: The moral dilemma of contemporary societyen
dc.citation.other2(2): 35-69

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